Page 2 - Water Management
P. 2

Water is a vital resource for human survival, health and dignity and is a fundamental component for human development. But it is a  nite and vulnerable resource. Due to population growth, increasing economic activity and intensifying competition for water among users, the world’s freshwater resources are under increasing pressure and many regions of the world face an impending water crisis.
Current concerns about climate change accentuate this issue and demand improved management of water resources in order to cope with more severe  ood and drought events. Since the enacting of the Millennium Development Goals and the Johannesburg Programme of Implementation, policies have increasingly addressed “integrated water resources management” (IWRM) as an issue of the utmost importance.
IWRM is a systematic process promoting sustainable development by means of the allocation and monitoring of water resources use in the context of social, economic and environmental objectives. Optimally, IWRM should be based on a participatory approach, involving users, planners and policymakers at all levels.

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